Three Ways To Treat Allergic Problems




There are three ways to treat allergic problems: avoidance, medication and immunotherapy.

Avoidance

Avoidance of the things that cause your allergies is a very effective means of alleviating allergy symptoms. However, this is not always possible.

Implementing environmental control measures can reduce your exposures thereby reducing your symptoms.

Allergic patients who respond well to environmental control are those typically allergic to dust mites, pets and mold.

Medication

There are two general categories of medications; those that relieve symptoms and those that prevent symptoms. Medications are often available in pill form (systemic) or topical (local). Systemic medications (pills, syrups or injections) are delivered by the bloodstream to the entire body.

Local medication (nasal sprays, eye drops, inhalers, lotions and creams) are applied directly to the area involved in the allergic reaction. Generally speaking, local medications have fewer side effects than systemic medication.

Medications that are made to relieve symptoms include antihistamines and decongestants for allergic rhinitis, and bronchodilators (inhalers) for asthmatics. Preventative medications are the anti-inflammatory steroids (topical and systemic).

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is a means of retraining your immune system to no longer react to the things you are allergic to.

The response to immunotherapy varies depending on your age, and the allergens to which you react. People under the age of twenty years old respond more favorably (80-90% with remarkable improvement). Individuals over the age of fifty five are less likely to respond (50%).

People who are allergic to dust mite, pet and pollen allergens respond better to immunotherapy than mold allergic individuals. Food allergies do not respond to immunotherapy. The only treatment for food allergy is avoidance.

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