Gonorrhea, or gonorrhea
What it is
Not everyone knows that gonorrhea and gonorrhea are one and the same disease related to sexually transmitted diseases. Gonorrhea is a term used in official medicine, but in the people this sexual infection is often called a gonorrhea.
The disease has been known since ancient times. In the medical treatises of the great Roman physician Galen, it is said about the “passive expiration of sperm”, since one of the symptoms of gonorrhea / tripper is discharge from the penis. By the way, the term “gonorrhea” itself comes from the words gono “seed” and rhea “flow”. Tripper is the German name for the disease, formed from the word trophen – “drop”.
This disease is very common. Suffice it to say that according to statistics in the world every year about 250 million new cases of gonorrhea are recorded. Most often, young people aged 15–34 are ill. The incidence is less in countries where the foundations of traditional marriage and family are strong.
The causative agent of gonorrhea / tripper
The causative agent of gonorrhea, or gonorrhea, is a gram-negative bacterium gonococcus. Once in the body, it causes inflammation in the urethra, and as a result, a significant amount of liquid purulent discharge is poured from it. In addition, with this disease, during urination, burning and cramps appear.
Gonococci live in the epithelium of the mucous membranes of the genitals, rectum, eyes, mouth, as well as in fresh purulent secretions. They are very sensitive to the environment: they can not tolerate temperatures below 35 ° C and above 55 ° C, drying, sunlight. Therefore, in the external environment, gonococci die within 2–4 hours.
How does infection happen?
The main route of gonorrhea infection is through the genital. Moreover, you can get infected both during traditional sexual intercourse, and during oral and anal sex. After the first contact with an infected partner, up to 85% of women and 25-50% of men become infected.
The infection can also be caught in the household way – through the use of towels, bed linen, but only if fresh discharge of a sick person is present on them. Another way to infect a gonococcus is to infect the baby during childbirth if the mother has gonorrhea (illness or carriage). When a child becomes infected with gonorrhea, on the 2nd – 4th day of life, he develops inflammation of the conjunctiva – newborn blenorrhea.
How does the disease go?
Gonorrhea can be acute and chronic, and can also be asymptomatic (carriage). A chronic form is gonorrhea that lasts more than 2 months.
The incubation (hidden) period is from 2 days to 2 weeks, sometimes up to 1 month.
Symptoms of gonorrhea in women and men differ, which is associated with the anatomical and physiological characteristics of the female and male body.
Signs of gonorrhea
In women, the vagina, cervix, and urethra are affected at the initial stage of the disease. With inflammation of the vagina and cervix, purulent discharge appears from the genital tract, pain is felt during intercourse. Inflammation of the urethra is manifested by frequent painful urination. If pus enters the external genitalia, vulvitis develops. In women, in half the cases of infection, the disease can occur without any manifestations, therefore, gonorrhea is often diagnosed in a chronic form, when the infection spreads to the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterine mucosa. And this increases the risk of infertility, ectopic pregnancy or complications during childbirth.
In men, the first symptom of gonorrhea is burning and itching, especially when urinating. The foreskin and head of the penis become inflamed. If you press on the head, a drop of pus will stand out. Then the discharge of mucus and pus from the urethra intensifies and becomes a whitish-yellowish color. If untreated, the inflammation extends to the prostate gland, testicles, seminal vesicles. The temperature can rise to 38-39 ° C. Urination becomes difficult and painful, pain during bowel movements is possible. General intoxication of the body also develops, manifested by muscle pain, fever, weakness.
These are the manifestations of gonorrhea obtained with traditional sex. If the infection occurred anally, the rectum is affected (proctitis). In the area of the anus, itching, burning, discharge from the anus.
With oral infection, the inflammatory process develops in the throat and palatine tonsils. With inflammation of the oral mucosa, gonorrheal stomatitis occurs. Symptoms of gonorrhea infection are erosion, ulcers, white plaque with the smell of rot, which is constantly increasing in thickness and area, capturing the entire oral cavity.
Eye gonorrhea is most often observed in newborns with infection during childbirth and is manifested by purulent discharge from the eyes. If the disease is not treated, the child may become blind. But an adult can also become infected: the infection in this case is brought into the eyes from dirty hands.
Tripper in newborns
Without treatment, the infection can spread throughout the body with blood and lymph and affect the joints, liver and kidneys, heart, brain.
When the disease becomes chronic, the symptoms subside and can completely disappear.