Smell from the mouth
Bad breath, or halitosis, is a very common occurrence. It is enough to say that in developed countries 30–65% of the population suffers from it. Halitosis itself is not a disease, it is a symptom that often signals that not everything is safe in the body – there are diseases or pathologies of the internal organs. But this problem is not purely medical – bad breath causes a lot of inconvenience and can lead to stress and even depression. Knowing about his lack, a person tries to open his mouth as little as possible, talk, approach people. He becomes withdrawn and unsociable. Well, how much personal life, intimate relationships suffer, and no need to say.
How to determine the freshness of breath
The person himself does not feel his smell – the nose filters the smells coming from his own mouth. The fact that there is such a problem can be understood by the reaction of others. In addition, you can determine halitosis and yourself.
The simplest thing is to ask your loved ones about it. You can exhale sharply in the palms, folded in a handful. Another way is to lick your wrist and after a few seconds, when the saliva dries, smell the skin. Or carefully scrape a plaque from the back of the tongue with a teaspoon – it is this smell that is felt by others. In addition, pharmacies sell tests that determine the freshness of breath on a five-point scale.
Causes of Halitosis
Odor from the mouth can be caused by physiological causes or various diseases and pathologies.
Physiological causes include the consumption of certain foods, such as garlic, radish, onions, alcohol, and smoking. Compounds with a strong “aroma” pass from the digestive system into the bloodstream, and from there into the lungs and exit together with the exhaled air. In these cases, to get rid of bad breath, you can chew a sprig of dill or the roots of celery and parsley.
Odor from the mouth may appear after taking certain medications, when wearing dentures, fasting.
As soon as the provoking factor ceases to act, the bad breath disappears.
The most common cause of bad breath is problems and diseases associated with the oral cavity. This is insufficient or improper oral hygiene, sleep with an open mouth, dental diseases (caries, periodontitis, gingivitis), candidiasis, excessive dry mouth, wearing dentures.
The root cause is the activity of anaerobic (existing in an environment without oxygen) bacteria. These microorganisms settle in the oral cavity and emit volatile sulfur compounds, such as hydrogen sulfide, which give bad breath. Unprotected food debris that accumulate between the teeth, in carious cavities, in pockets under the gums, as well as white plaque on the teeth, the root of the tongue, contribute to their active reproduction. Favorable conditions for bacteria are created with insufficient production of saliva (dry mouth syndrome), which serves as a natural mouth cleaner, which in turn is caused by age-related changes, smoking, drinking alcohol, breathing through the mouth, and taking certain medications.
Less commonly, bad breath is caused by diseases of the internal organs: digestive disorders, stagnation of bile, poor liver function, oncology, and respiratory diseases.
How to get rid of bad breath
First of all, it is necessary to determine the cause of the phenomenon. If the problem lies in the condition of the teeth, you should pay a visit to the dentist. All teeth should be healed, gum problems resolved. Do not forget about professional brushing. Over time, the so-called stone forms on the teeth, which destroys the enamel and contributes to the development of caries. It is impossible to get rid of such a stone on its own; it is removed by a hygienist in a dental clinic. It will be useful to find out from the doctor how to care for your teeth, oral cavity, and tongue. It is no secret that some adults do not know how to brush their teeth correctly, far from all use dental floss, and cleanse their tongue from plaque. These consultations can be obtained from a specialist.
If the teeth and oral cavity are in order, and the smell from the mouth does not disappear, you may need a thorough examination and treatment by a therapist or gastroenterologist.