Do adults need vaccinations?
Vaccination is often associated with childhood. And many people are confident that once they enter adulthood, vaccinations can be forgotten. And the recommendation to do revaccination (re-vaccination) is puzzling. Why is this? Doctors say that some vaccinations must be given to adults. So why are they needed? And what vaccinations are recommended for adults?
Do I need to get vaccinated adults: 3 indestructible arguments
Healthy people are confident that they have strong immunity, so they are not afraid of infections. The statement is only partially true. If we are talking about a common cold, then a strong immune system will fight back. But there are pathologies with which it is very difficult to cope without additional protection and which in the future can lead to serious consequences. In the fight against them, vaccination is carried out.
Doctors strongly recommend that adults do not refuse compulsory vaccinations. They reinforce this recommendation with arguments.
Immune defense weakens. Some vaccines provide lifelong protection. Such vaccinations are given only once in a lifetime. There are vaccinations that provide protection for a certain period. They need to be repeated periodically. If you do not revaccinate, then the immune defense begins to decline. Sometimes it completely disappears. In this case, the patient becomes an open target for the attack of pathogenic microorganisms.
Childhood diseases affect adults. Diphtheria, chickenpox, and measles are often referred to as childhood diseases. Therefore, adults are confident that they cannot catch such infections. It is a myth. People at any age can become infected with childhood diseases.
In adults, the disease is more severe. Doctors say that “childhood” diseases in adulthood are much more severe and often cause unpleasant consequences. An exception to this rule is whooping cough. This pathology is severe in children only.
Thinking about whether adults need vaccinations, some people confidently deny their need. After all, without any revaccinations they survived to gray hair and did not get sick. And there are many such people. This protection was provided by “collective immunity.” Thanks to the population that was vaccinated on time, it was possible to stop the circulation of the infection.
How to find out about the vaccination
All vaccinations are entered on the card or in a special vaccination certificate. Sometimes documents may be lost. How to be in this case?
You can find out about vaccinations by the vaccination calendar.
There is a specific vaccination calendar. All vaccinations in childhood are carried out according to such a schedule. Therefore, most likely, the person received all the necessary vaccinations. An exception occurs in two cases:
history of severe diseases in which vaccination cannot be carried out;
parents of the child are active opponents of vaccinations.
You can see a doctor to determine if vaccinations have been given. They will prescribe special tests for the content of type G immunoglobulins in the body. These are proteins that are produced in response to vaccination. They are the ones who resist the virus. They are also called antibodies to the disease from which the person was vaccinated.
It is usually recommended to diagnose:
RPHA (passive hemagglutination reaction). Such a blood test allows you to identify antibodies to tetanus, measles, diphtheria, and mumps.
ELISA (enzyme immunoassay). It characterizes the presence in the blood of immunoglobulins to hepatitis B, rubella, whooping cough.
With a low antibody content, the doctor will advise the adult to take appropriate vaccinations.
What vaccinations adults need to do: mandatory and recommended vaccination
When drawing up the vaccination calendar, doctors always take into account the epidemiological features of the region. Therefore, the patient may be recommended not only mandatory vaccination, but also vaccinations against those diseases that are progressing in the country.
A pediatrician, a kindergarten teacher or a school teacher will definitely remind you of the need to get the vaccine. And adults are not warned about the timing of immunization. Therefore, all responsibility for revaccination rests with the patient himself.
It is imperative to get vaccinations against certain diseases.
So, when and what kind of vaccinations do doctors advise adults to do? Immunologists recommend adhering to the schedule:
Vaccination against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis. It is carried out every 10 years. In childhood, the last three-component vaccine is introduced into the body at the age of 16. The next revaccination should take place at 26 years old. For adults, the pertussis component is usually not included in the vaccine. It is believed that this disease is terrible only for the child. But doctors recommend not excluding the pertussis vaccine, because a strong angry cough is always unpleasant.
Vaccination against rubella, measles and mumps. From such diseases it is recommended to be vaccinated at 22-29 years. Repeat the procedure every 10 years. Sometimes there is a recommendation that vaccination against measles and mumps is possible after 20-30 years.