First aid for a dog bite
Previously, adults warned children: “Do not touch the dog. Bite – you get 40 injections in the stomach. ” These 40 injections turned out to be very tenacious – some are still confident that they will have to do them with a dog bite.
And although this is not so, but dog bites can have very serious consequences, up to disability and death. True, this rarely happens. Nevertheless, it is necessary to know what to do and how to act if you or your loved ones are bitten by a dog. Then severe complications can be minimized.
What is dangerous dog bite
Bleeding, tissue damage
If a dog bites its teeth with a bite, but does not close it, a narrow but deep stab wound arises, from which blood flows with greater or lesser intensity.
If the dog makes a jerk with his teeth, lacerations occur. Peeling off, tearing off the skin, tearing of muscles, damage to arteries. This is a more serious injury.
Fighting dogs have very strong jaws.
Dogs of fighting breeds, possessing powerful jaws, are even able to crush bones.
Suppuration of the wound
Dog saliva contains pathogenic bacteria that, once in the wound, begin to multiply. Damaged tissues become inflamed, pus appears. The wound hurts a lot. The temperature may rise. Usually suppuration of a wound begins on the 1-2nd day after a bite.
It is dangerous if the infection enters the bloodstream, then a general infection of the blood, sepsis, may develop. Fortunately, this complication is rare.
If signs of infection of the wound appear, consult a doctor.
This is the most dangerous consequence of a bite. A dog with rabies transmits a virus with saliva. If not treated, rabies will be fatal.
The most dangerous bites are in the head.
How does rabies manifest in humans
In the first few days, the following symptoms are characteristic:
After a bite of a dog, a person feels bad
a person feels bad, feels weak, there may be a slight temperature;
the pain in the bite does not go away, although the wound has already healed;
the victim suffers from insomnia, his appetite disappears;
he has a headache;
the person is depressed, annoyed.
The second period is characterized by bouts of agitation with aggression and fear, accompanied by photophobia and water phobia, salivation, convulsions, hallucinations, delirium.
Then, after a short period of silence, death occurs due to paralysis of the respiratory system or heart.
At the slightest suspicion of rabies infection after a dog bite, you should immediately consult a doctor. If you start vaccination against rabies in time, then a person can be saved almost always.
First aid for a dog bite
What should be done at home if you or your loved ones are bitten by a dog?
The bite site must be washed with soapy water.
First and foremost, rinse the wound. It is washed with soapy water, removing dog saliva and dirt. To do this, dissolve the soap in the bottle with water, shake the bottle and generously water the bite site.
If the bleeding is severe, put a napkin with hydrogen peroxide in place of the bite, squeeze and leave for 2-3 minutes.
If the bleeding is small, it is not necessary to stop it, on the contrary, it is better if saliva also leaves the blood.
The wound is treated with any antiseptic that is at hand – chlorhexidine, a solution of potassium permanganate, etc.
Then the wound is lubricated at the edges with alcohol and covered with a bandage.
After a bite, you need to seek qualified help – to a therapist or infectious disease specialist.
If the injury is serious, the tissues are significantly damaged, there is severe bleeding, call an ambulance.
Every dog must be vaccinated against rabies.
Only if the wound is small and you clearly know that the dog received a rabies vaccination, you can not go to the doctor. Although doctors advise in this case to do three vaccinations against rabies, observing the behavior of the animal for 10 days.
In a medical institution, a victim will be treated for a wound. If necessary, stitch.
Immediately they will be vaccinated against rabies and tetanus (if prophylactic vaccination against tetanus has not been carried out).
Then a course of antibiotics will be prescribed.
It is carried out by everyone if it is not known whether a dog has been vaccinated.
If a vaccinated dog has bitten, vaccinations can be avoided.
The full course includes 6 vaccinations (and not 40), and they are done on the shoulder (not in the stomach): the first – on the day of treatment, then on the 3rd, 7th, 14th, 30th and 90th day.
A full course of vaccinations is carried out if the bite is received from a stray dog or from a dog whose health is not possible to trace (the owners are unknown or do not contact).
After the vaccination course, you can not drink alcohol
If it is possible to observe the dog, then the victim is given three injections. At the same time, the state of the animal is monitored. And if in 10 days there are no signs of the disease, then the vaccination is stopped.
All 3 months, plus another six months, the vaccinee must not drink alcohol, overheat, supercool, or sunbathe.