How to escape when everyone around is sick?
In the fall, the cold season begins, a little later the flu epidemic comes to us. And so it goes on all winter: coughing, sneezing, blowing their nose citizens surround us on the street, in transport, in the office. Well, if someone from the home fell ill, then it’s very difficult to protect yourself.
What to do to at least reduce the likelihood of infection? First you need to remember …
How is the infection transmitted?
The common cold, or rather ARVI, is an acute respiratory viral infection, the flu is caused by viruses.
The distribution of viruses is known to be airborne. The patient sneezed or coughed, and the viruses contained in the secretions from the nose and droplets of saliva enter the air. Meanwhile, viruses live for several hours in the air of an enclosed space.
A healthy person, breathing this air, receives with him a portion of viruses. If the immunity is strong, then the body can cope with them, but when it is weakened or the concentration of pathogens is high, then infection is inevitable. By the way, immunity is weaker in children and the elderly, and it is they who are more likely to contract the flu and the common cold.
It is less well known that viruses are transmitted by household means – through objects that they hit with the same cough or sneeze. It can be door handles, handrails in transport, towels, dishes, money. And they can live on them much longer than in the air: on plastic and metal objects – 1-2 days, on glass – 10 days. Touching these objects, we then take on the face, three eyes or nose, or sit down to eat without washing our hands – and we catch a cold or flu.
How not to get infected on the street
During seasonal epidemics, try to avoid massive events. Put off going to the movies, theater, concert, and shopping for a more favorable period.
If possible, do not use public transport, especially during peak hours. It is better to leave the house half an hour earlier and walk to work on foot than hustle in a crowded bus or subway.
Leaving home, smear the nasal mucosa with oxolin ointment.
Arriving home or at work from the street, be sure to wash your hands with soap. Wash your hands very carefully, do not forget to remove the dirt from under the nails. If there is nowhere to wash your hands, wipe your hands with disinfectant wipes. It is advisable to carry them during epidemics.
Do not touch your face, especially your mouth, nose, and eyes.
If you feel bad, you have a runny nose, scratch in your throat, or have a fever and aching body, do not go outside. You can infect others, as well as pick up another virus that easily settles in your already weakened body.
To remove viruses, rinse your mouth with water with salt, soda and iodine at night (half a teaspoon of salt and soda and 2-3 drops of iodine in a glass of water). Wash your nose with the same product. To rinse your mouth, you can use water tincture of calendula.
How not to get infected if you have a patient at home
First of all, it is necessary to minimize the patient’s contacts with other family members, especially with children. Ideally, it should be placed in a separate room, but this is not available to everyone. But at least a separate berth he needs to provide.
Remember: the patient is dangerous for the first three to four days.
Select your dishes for the infected person and make sure that no one else uses them.
A flu or a cold should have its own hand towel.
Ventilate the room three or four times a day, and that’s all, and not just the one where the sick person is.
Wet the entire apartment daily. Do not forget about the sink and toilet.
Switches, door handles, taps – everything that concerns the patient must be treated with disinfectants.
When caring for a patient, wear a mask, remember that you need to change it every 2 hours.
Rinse your nose with water and salt, soda and iodine (see above) several times during the day.
All these measures are necessary during epidemics. But you need to prepare in advance for the cold season and the flu epidemic. To minimize the risk of getting sick, immunity should be strengthened by all possible means.