Unusual Diseases: Water Cancer
Water cancer has nothing to do with oncology, although this disease is no less severe and dangerous. Water cancer is an old name, as well as anton fire face. Now in medicine this disease is called noma.
Water cancer is a gangrenous lesion of the tissues of the face and oral cavity.
The disease is rare, it affects mainly young children up to the age of three, but it can occur in an older child, as well as in an elderly person.
Causes of Water Cancer
The causes of the disease to doctors are not completely clear. It is believed that it is caused by anaerobic bacteria (existing in an oxygen-free environment), which multiply intensively with low immunity. Water cancer only affects weakened children: those who suffer from severe infectious diseases, malnourished, malnourished, and vitamin deficiencies, as well as people after 50 years with cardiovascular disease. Healthy children do not get sick.
Predisposing factors are unsanitary conditions and non-observance of personal hygiene rules.
How does the disease develop?
As a rule, water cancer begins with damage to the mucous membrane of the cheek on one side of the face. First, a dark red spot or a small bubble filled with blood appears on the mucosa. The bubble bursts and an ulcer develops in its place (or in place of the spot). It grows very quickly both in width and in depth. The cheek swells, in its center there is a hard and dense lump. The skin of the face turns pale, glossy and first acquires a yellowish tint, and then turns gray. The face is swelling.
An ulcer destroys muscles and breaks out: a red spot first appears on the skin, which darkens and becomes black. This spot increases in size, and after 3 days in its place the skin is torn and a hole is formed through which you can see the teeth.
Affected areas do not hurt or bleed. Decaying tissues emit a putrid odor, and a cloudy, foul-smelling liquid flows from the wound.
Necrosis captures the lips, tongue, upper jaw. The teeth begin to stagger and fall out. In very severe cases, the other side of the face is also affected.
The patient’s condition is very serious: high fever, severe weakness up to an unconscious state.
Healing is slow. At the site of the wound, ugly coarse scars form, disfiguring the patient’s face. In addition, fused with the jaws, scars limit the latter in movement, which prevents the ingestion of food.
Water cancer can be complicated by stomatitis, gingivitis. The patient swallows decay products, and the infection enters the stomach and intestines, causing gastrointestinal upset. Complications of noma can be pneumonia, as well as pulmonary gangrene.
Previously, up to 80% of patients died from this most serious disease. Today, doctors have drugs that can quite successfully fight water cancer.
Noma treatment is carried out only in the hospital. Wounds are washed and treated with antiseptics, antibiotics, antigangrenous serum are used, blood transfusion is done.
Patients are prescribed vitamins B and C in shock doses, and be sure to have a complete diet high in protein and fat.
With significant lesions to eliminate gross scars after 2-3 years, you can perform plastic surgery.
Noma is a deadly disease. And although today the mortality from it has decreased significantly, with significant lesions a fatal outcome is possible.
For the prevention of water cancer, it is necessary to carefully care for a child with an infectious disease: it is imperative to carry out oral hygiene (use rinses, irrigation), monitor nutrition, give vitamins to prevent the development of nomes.