Dangerous meat: what can be infected?
Meat, products from it are included in the daily diet of most of us. This is the main source of protein that contains all the essential amino acids. It is meat that serves as a material for the formation of tissues. It is necessary for the body for the normal course of metabolic processes, energy.
However, meat, if cooked incorrectly, can cause a lot of trouble. The fact is that meat products can be infected with bacteria and parasites that are dangerous to health and even life. What infections can we get by eating “dangerous” meat?
Helminths, or, to put it simply, worms, are worms that parasitize the human and animal body. Eating insufficiently cooked (fried) meat, you can become infected with them.
The most dangerous is pork tapeworm. Once in the body, it settles in the small intestine of a person, sticking to its walls. This worm with a length of 3–6 meters can live for several decades. Infection with pork tapeworm is called teniosis.
Bull tapeworm enters the human body with infected beef. This is the largest worm – its length can be more than 10 meters.
The chain releases toxic waste into the body, poisoning the “owner”, it irritates the intestinal mucosa, causing inflammation, and, in addition, takes nutrients to ensure its vital activity.
When a person is infected with choke, digestion disorders occur – belching, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, he loses his appetite and loses weight. Headaches, weakness, fatigue, irritability appear.
Trichinella is a roundworm that parasitizes in all organs except the heart. The larvae of the parasite enter the intestines, and then spread through the body with blood. Intruding into the muscles, they remain there, forming a protective shell – a cyst. In the affected area, an inflammatory process develops, which is manifested by fever, swelling, muscle and joint pain, abdominal pain, rash. If internal organs are affected, then a lethal outcome is possible.
Salmonella – bacteria that are found in large quantities in meat, dairy products, and eggs. Getting into the human body with food, they cause a severe intestinal infection – salmonellosis.
Symptoms of this disease are characteristic of intestinal infections: high fever, diarrhea from 7 to 10 times a day, which causes dehydration, bloating, and abdominal pain.
Salmonellosis is a very serious disease, it can cause disruption of the liver, kidneys, heart failure, toxic shock. It is especially dangerous for young children.
This is the name of the bacteria Escherichia, so the infection caused by Escherichia coli is called Escherichiosis. Escherichia belong to conditionally pathogenic organisms. They are also present in the human intestines, but under certain conditions they can cause intestinal disease.
Escherichia coli is manifested by severe cramping abdominal pain, diarrhea, sometimes with blood, high fever. Particularly difficult to tolerate the disease are small children.
Escherichia coli can give a complication to the kidneys.
This is an infectious disease caused by the pathogenic bacterium Listeria. Having penetrated the body, listeria settle in the lymph nodes and multiply there. Then, with blood, they enter the internal organs, forming dense tubercles with bacteria.
Most often, listeriosis is manifested by a very severe sore throat with pain when swallowing, enlarged tonsils, lymph nodes. Without treatment, the disease can result in sepsis.
Less commonly, the consequences of listeriosis is meningitis, which leads to headaches, vomiting, confusion, hallucinations.
In weakened people, Listeria can cause brain abscess, and in infants – damage to the respiratory, cardiovascular, nervous system and death.
Listeria is especially dangerous for immunocompromised patients, young children and the elderly.
How to avoid infection
Buy meat only in trusted stores and markets where it passes sanitary control.
Before buying beef or pork, carefully inspect it. Tapeworm larvae (Finns) can be found in the form of small yellowish inclusions.
Store raw meat separately from other foods.
To process meat, you need to have a separate board and knives. Do not use them when cooking other products, especially those that are eaten raw.
After processing the meat, wash your hands thoroughly with soap.
Cook / fry meat properly. Do not eat half-baked meat and minced meat, discard steaks “with blood”.
Larvae of parasites die during deep freezing of meat at a temperature below 15 degrees for 10 days.
Never try raw minced meat to determine if you have sufficiently salted it.
Be very careful with barbecue in nature. Meat may not be sufficiently fried on charcoal.
Do not eat wild meat.